Apologia: The Fullness of Christian Truth

``Where the Bishop is, there let the multitude of believers be;
even as where Jesus is, there is the Catholic Church'' Ignatius of Antioch, 1st c. A.D

Abbreviations of
Religious Orders and Priestly Fraternitiies

When you see the signature of a priest or religious, you will probably see letters before or after his (or her) name These are the abbreviations of the religious or priestly order to which he is attached, abbreviations of his title, or letters indicating his academic degrees. Below is a little guide to these abbreviations.



A.A. Augustinians of the Assumption (Assumptionists)
Ab. Abbot
Abp. Archbishop
A.C. Auditor Camerae (Auditor of the Papal Treasury)
A.J. Apostles of Jesus
A.M. Artium Magister ("Master of Arts")
Ap Sed. Leg. Apostolicae Sedis Legatus ("Legate of the Apostolic See")
Archiep. Archiepiscopus ("Archbishop")
Archid. Archidiaconus ("Archdeacon")
Archiprb. Archipresbyter ("Archpriest")
A.S.C. Adorers of the Blood of Christ
A.S.C.J. Apostles of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
A.S.S.P. Angelic Sisters of St. Paul


B. Clerica Regular of St. Paul (Barnabites)
B.A. Order of Basilians of Aleppo of the Melkites
B.D. Bachelor of Divinity
B.F.C.C. Brothers for Christian Community
B.G.S. Little Brothers of the Good Shepherd
B. Se. Baccalaureus Scientiarum ("Bachelor of Sciences")
B.U.J. Baccalaureus Utriusque Juris ("Bachelor of Both Laws" -- i.e., civil and canon)
B.T. Baccalaureus Theologiae ("Bachelor of Theology")
B.V.M. Sisters of Charity of the Blessed Virgin Mary


Ca,. Ap. Camera Apostolica ("Apostolic Camera" -- i.e. Papal Treasury)
C.C.D. Confraternity of Christian Doctrine
C.C.R. Congregation of Carmelite Religious
C.C.R.S.A. Congregation of the Clerics Regular of Saint Augustine
C.C.V.I. Sisters of Charity of the Incarnate Word
C.C.F. Congregation for the Doctrine of Faith
C.D.P. Sisters of Divine Providence
C.F.A. Alexian Brothers
C.F.C. Congregation of Christian Brothers
C.F.I.C. Congregation of Franciscans of the Immaculate Conception
C.F.R. Franciscan Friars of the Renewal
C.F.X. Congregation of Xaverian Brothers
C.I.C.M. Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (Scheut Missions)
C.H.M. Congregation of the Humility of Mary
C.J. Josephite Fathers
C.J.D. Canons of Jesus the Lord
C.J.M. Congregation of Jesus and Mary
C.M. Congregation of Priests of the Mission (Vincentians or Lazarists)
C.M.F. Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (Cordis Mariae Filius) (Claretians)
C.M.I. Carmelites of Mary Immaculate
C.M.M. Congregation of Marian Hill Missionaries
C.M.R.I. Congregation of Mary Immaculate Queen (Congregatio Mariae Reginae Immaculatae)
C.N.D. Congregation of Notre Dame
C.O. Congregation of the Oratory (Oratorians)
C.P. Congregation of the Passion (Passionists)
C.P.M. Congregation of the Fathers of Mercy
C.PP.S. Society of the Precious Blood
CPS Missionary Sisters of the Precious Blood (Missionary Sisters of Mariannhill)
C.R. Clerics Regular (Theatines)
C.R. Congregation of the Resurrection (Resurrectionists)
C.R.I.C. Canons Regular of the Immaculate Conception
C.R.L. Canons Regular of the Lateran
C.R.S. Clerics Regular of Somasca (Somascans)
C.R.S.P. Clerics Regular of St. Paul
C.S. Missionaries of St. Charles (Scalabrinians)
C.S.B. Congregation of St. Bridget
C.S.B. Congregation of St. Basil (Basilians)
C.S.C. Congregation of Holy Cross (Holy Cross Fathers)
C.S.J. Congregation of St. Joseph
C.S.J.B. Sisters of St John the Baptist
C.S.J.P. Sister of St. Joseph of Peace
C.S.P. Congregation of St. Paul (Paulists)
C.S.R. Sisters of the Holy Redeemer
C.S.S. Stigmatine Fathers and Brothers
C.S.S.F. Congregation of Sisters Saint Felice Cantalicio (Felicians)
C.S.Sp. Congregation of the Holy Spirit (Holy Ghost Fathers or Spiritans)
C.Ss.R. Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (Congregatio Sanctissimi Redemptoris) (Redemptorist)
C.S.V. Clerics of St. Viator (Viatorians)
C.V.I. Sisters of the Incarnate Word and Blessed Sacrament


D.C. Congregation of Fathers of Christian Doctrine (Doctrinarians)
D.C.L. Doctor Civilis [or Canonicae] Legis ("Doctor of Civil [or Canon] Law")
D.D. Doctor Divinitatis ("Doctor of Divinity" -- i.e. Theology)
D.H.M. Daughters of the Heart of Mary
D.H.S. Daughters of the Holy Spirit
D.M. Daughters of Mary, Mother of the Church
D.M.S.E. Dominican Missionary Sisters of St. Elizabeth
D. Se. Doctor Scientiarum ("Doctor of Sciences")
D.S.M.P. Daughters of Saint Mary of Providence
D.W. Daughters of Wisdom (Filles de la Sagesse) (Montfort Sisters)


Er.Cam. Camaldolese Hermits of the Congregation of Monte Corona


F.C. Brothers of Charity
F.C.J. Faithful Companion of Jesus, Sisters
F.D.C.C. Canossian Daughters of Charity
F.D.N.S.C. Daughters of Our Lady of the Sacred Heart
F.D.P. Sons of Divine Providence
F.F.S.C. Franciscan Brothers of the Holy Cross
F.I. Franciscans of the Immaculate
F.I.C. Brothers of Christian Instruction
F.M.A. Daughters of Mary Help of Christian (Salesian Sisters)
F.M.I. Daughters of Mary Immaculate (Marianist Sisters)
F.M.M. Franciscan Missionaries of Mary
F.M.S. Marist Brothers
F.M.S.I. Sons of Mary, Health of the Sick
F.P.O. Franciscans of Primitive Observance
F.S. Sisters of Our Lady of Fatima
F.S.C. Brothers of the Christian Schools (Christian Brothers or Lasallians)
F.S.C.J. Sons of the Sacred Heart (Verona Fathers)
F.S.G.M. Sisters of St. Francis of the Martyr St. George
F.S.M. Franciscan Sisters of Mary
F.S.P.A. Franciscan Sisters of Perpetual Adoration
F.S.S.J. Franciscan Sisters of St. Joseph
F.S.S.P. Priestly Fraternity of Saint Peter (Fraternitas Sacerdotalis Sancti Petri)


G.N.S.H. Grey Nuns of the Sacred Heart


H.M. Sisters of the Humility of Mary


I.B.V.M. Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Loreto Sisters)
I.C. Institute of Charity (Rosminians)
I.C.M. Missionary Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary
I.C.R.S.S.. Institute of Christ the King, High Priest
I.H.M. Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary
I.M.C. Consolata Missionaries
I.V.E. Institute of the Incarnate Word (Instituto del Verbo Encarnado). Also abbreviated as "V.E."
I.W.B.S. Sisters of the Incarnate Word and Blessed Sacrament


J.C.D. Juris Canonici Doctor, Juris Civilis Doctor ("Doctor of Canon Law", "Doctor of Civil Law")
J.C.L. Licentiate in Canon Law
J..D. Juris Doctor ("Doctor of Civil Law")
J.SS.R. The Redemptorists Sisters of Saint Joseph (Josephite Sisters)
J.U.D. Juris Utriusque Doctor ("Doctor of Both Laws" -- Civil and Canon)
J.U.L. Juris Utriusque Licentiatus ("Licentiate of Both Laws")


K.G.H.S. Knight Grand Cross of the Holy Sepulchre
K.H.S. Knight of the Holy Sepulchre
K.M. Knights of Malta
K.P. Knight of Pius IX
K.S.G. Knight of St. Gregory
K.S.S. Knight of St. Sylvester


L.B.S.F. Little Brothers of St. Francis
L.C. Legionaires of Christ
L.C.M. Sisters of the Little Company of Mary
L.H.D. Litterarum Humaniorum Doctor ("Doctor of Literature")
LL.B. Legum Baccalaureus ("Bachelor of Laws")
LL.D. Legum Doctor ("Doctor of Laws")
LL.M. Legum Magister ("Master of Laws")
L.S.P. Little Sisters of the Poor


M.A. Magister Artium ("Master of Arts")
M.Afr. Missionaries of Africa
M.C. Missionaries of Charity
M.C. Consolata Missionaries Sisters
M.C.C.J. Comboni Missionaries of the Heart of Jesus
M.C.D.P. Missionary Catechists of Divine Providence
M.C.M. Cordi Marian Sisters
M.C.S.T. Missionary Catechists of St. Therese of the Child Jesus
M.F.I.C. Missionary Franciscan of the Immaculate Conception
M.F.V.A. Franciscan Missionaries of the Eternal Word
Mgr. Monseigneur, Monsignore ("My Lord")
M.H.S.H. Mission Helpers of the Sacred Heart
M.I. Order of the Ministers of the Sick (Camillians)
M.I.C. Marian Clerics of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary
M.J.C. Militia Jesu Christi (Militia Christi, a Dominican Third Order)
M.M.S. Medical Mission Sisters
M.O.P. Missionaries of the Poor
M.S. Missionaries of Our Lady of LaSalette
M.S.A. Missionaries of the Holy Apostles
M.S.B.T. Missionary Servants of the Most Blessed Trinity
M.S.C. Missionaries of the Sacred Heart
M.S.C.S. Scalabrian Missionary Sisiters
M.S.F. Missionaries of the Holy Family
M.S.F.S. Missionaries of St. Francis de Sales (Fransalians)
M.S.S. Missionaries of the Blessed Sacrament
M.SS.C. Missionaries of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary
M.S.S.P. Missionary Society of Saint Paul
M.S.U. Congregation of Monks Studitas of Ukraine
M.T. Missionary Servants of the Most Holy Trinity


O.A.R. Order of Augustinian Recollects (formerly O.R.S.A.)
O.C. Order of the Carmelites
O.CARM. Carmelites of Ancient Observance
O.Cart. Order of the Carthusians
O.C.B.H. Order of Catholic Brother Hermits
O.CIST. Cistercians (White Monks)
O.C.D. Order of Discalced Carmelites
O.C.D.S. Secular Order of Discalced Carmelites (Latin: Ordo Carmelitarum Discalceatorum Saecularis). Formerly the Secular Order of Discalced Carmelites of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mount Carmel and of the Holy Mother Saint Teresa of Jesus
O.C.S.O. Order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance (Trappists and Trappistines)
O.de.M. Order of Our Lady of Mercy (Mercedarians)
O.F.H. Order of Franciscan Hermits
O.F.M. Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)
O.F.M.Cap. Order of Friars Minor Capuchins (Capuchins)
O.F.M.Conv. Friars Minor Conventual (Conventual Franciscans)
O.F.M.I. Franciscan Friars of Mary Immaculate
O.F.M.Reg. Order of Friars Minor Regular
O.F.S. Secular Franciscan Order (Latin: Ordo Franciscanus Saecularis); also called the Third Order Secular
O.H. Hospitallers Brothers of St. John of God
O.L.M. Order of Lebanese Maronite (Baladites)
O.L.M.E. Our Lady's Missionaries of the Eucharist
O.L.V.M. Victory Noll Sisters
O.M. Minim Fathers
O.M.C. Order of Merciful Christ
O.M.I. Oblates of Mary Immaculate (Missionary Oblates)
O.M.M. Work of Mary Mediatrix (Opus Mariae Mediatricis)
O.M.V. Oblates of the Virgin Mary
O.P. Order of Preachers (Ordo Praedicatorum) (Dominicans. Called "Blackfriars," also, especially in England)
O.Praem. Canons Regular of Premontré (Norbertines or Premonstratensian or White Canons)
O.R.C. Order of Canons Regular of the Holy Cross
O.R.S.A. Augustinian Recollects
O.S. Oblates of Wisdom
O.S.A. Order of St. Augustine (Augustinians)
O.S.A. Opus Sanctorum Angelorum
O.S.B. Order of St. Benedict
O.S.B.M. Order of St. Basil the Great (Basilian Order of St. Josaphat)
O.S.C. Canons Regular of the Order of the Holy Cross (Crosiers)
O.S.Cam. Order of St. Camillus (Camillian Fathers and Brothers)
O.S.F. Congregation of Servants of Holy Infancy Jesus
O.S.F. Franciscan Brothers or Sisters
O.S.F.N. Confederation of the Oratory of Saint Philip of Neri (Oratorians)
O.S.F.S. Oblates of St. Francis de Sales
O.S.F.S. Order of St. Francis--Secular (3rd Order Franciscan)
O.S.J. Oblates of St. Joseph
O.S.M. Order of the Servants of Mary (Latin: Ordo Servorum Beatae Mariae Virginis). Known as "Servites."
O.S.P.P.E. Order of St. Paul the First Hermit (Pauline Fathers)
O.Ss.R.. Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (Congregatio Sanctissimi Redemptoris) (Redemptoristines)
O.Ss.S. Order of St. Savior (or Order of Our Savior) (Ordo Ss. Salvatoris) (Brigittines)
O.Ss.T. Order of the Holy Trinity (Trinitarians)
O.Ss.T. Third order secular of the Most Holy Trinity
O.S.T.R. Oblates of St. Therese Reformed
O.S.U. Order of St. Ursula (Ursulines)


P.B.V.M. Sisters of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
P.C.C. Poor Clare Collettines
P.C.P.A. Poor Clares of Perpetual Adoration
Ph.B. Philosophiae Baccalaureus ("Bachelor of Philosophy")
Ph.D. Philosophiae Doctor ("Doctor of Philosophy")
P.H.J.C. Poor Handmaids of Jesus Christ
P.M. Sisters of the Presentation of Mary
Prof. Professus, Professio, Professor ("Professed", "Profession", "Professor")
P.S.S. Society of Priests of Saint Sulpice (Sulpicians, in France) (see also "S.S.")
P.S.S.J. Poor Sisters of St. Joseph-Hermanas


R.A. Religious of the Assumption
R.C. Religious of the Cenacle
R.C.J Rogationists of the Sacred Heart (Rogationists)
R.D.C. Religious of Divine Compassion
R.G.S. Religious of the Good Shepherd
R.J.M. Religious of Jesus and Mary
R.M.I. Religious of Mary Immaculate
R.N.D.M. Sisters of Our Lady of the Missions (Religieuses de Notre Dame Missions)
R.P. Reverendus Pater, Reverend Pere ("Reverend Father")
R.S.C. Religious Sisters of Charity
R.S.C.J. Religious of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
R.S.H.M. Religious of the Sacred Heart of Mary
R.S.M. Sisters of Mercy
R.V.M. Religious of the Virgin Mary


S.A. Society of the Atonement (Franciscan Sisters/Brothers of the Atonement)
S.A.C. Society of Catholic Apostolate (Pallotines)
S.A.R.F Secular Augustinian Recollects
S.B.S. Servants of the Blessed Sacrament
S.C. Brothers of the Sacred Heart
S.C. Servants of Charity
S.C. Sisters of the Cross
S.C.C. Sisters of Christian Charity
S.C.H. Sisters of Charity
S.CH. Society of Christ
SCH.P. Clerics Regular of the Pious Schools (Piarist Fathers)
S.C.I. Congregation of the Priests of the Sacred Heart (Dohonians)
S.C.J. Congregation of the Priests of the Sacred Heart (Dehonians)
S.C.S.J.A. Sisters of Charity of St. Joan Antida
S.D.B. Salesians of Don Bosco
S.D.S. Society of the Divine Savior (Salvatorians)
S.D.V. Society of Divine Vocations (Vocationist Fathers)
S.F. Sons of the Holy Family
S.F.C.C. Sisters for Christian Community
S.F.O. Secular Franciscan Order
S.G. Brothers of Saint Gabriel
S.G.L. Servants of the Gospel of Life
S.H.C.J. Society of the Holy Child Jesus
S.H.F. Sisters of the Holy Family
S.H.Sp. Sisters of the Holy Spirit
S.I.W. Sisters of the Incarnate Word and Blessed Sacrament
S.J. Society of Jesus (Societatis Iesu) (Jesuits)
S.J.C. Congrégation du Sacré-Coeur (Pères de Timon David)
S.L. Sisters of Loreto
S.M. Society of Mary (Marianists)
S.M. Society of Mary (Marists)
S.M.A. Society of African Missions
S.M.I. Sisters of Mary Immaculate
S.M.M. Missionaries of the Company of Mary (Montfort Fathers)
S.M.O.M. Sovereign Military Order of Malta
S.M.S.M. Marist Missionary Sister
S.N.D. Sisters of Notre Dame
S.N.DdeN. Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur
S.N.J.M. Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary
S.O.Cist. Cistercians of the Common Observance
S.O.L.T. Society of Our Lady of Most Holy Trinity
S.P. Servants of the Holy Paraclete (Piarist Fathers)
S.P. Sisters of Providence
S.P.S. St. Patricks Missionary Society
S.S. Society of St. Sulpice (the Sulpicians, outside of France) (see also "P.S.S.")
S.S.A. Sisters of St. Ann
S.S.C. Franciscan Servants of the Sacred Heart
SS.CC. Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary (Picpus Fathers)
S.S.Ch. Sisters of Sainte Chretienne
S.S.C.J. Sister Servants of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus
S.S.C.M. Servants of the Holy Heart of Mary
S.S.E. Society of St. Edmund (Edmundites)
S.S.F. Society of St. Francis
S.S.F.A. Sisters of the Holy Family Associate
S.S.I. Society of St. John (Societas Sancti Ioannis)
S.S.J. St. Joseph's Society of the Sacred Heart (Josephites)
S.S.J. Sisters of St. Joseph
S.S.J. Society of St. John
S.S.J. (T.O.S.F) Sisters of St. Joseph of the Third Order of St. Francis
S.S.J.C. Society of Saint John Cantius
S.S.J.V. Society of Saint John Vianney
S.S.M.I. Sister Servants of Mary Immaculate
S.S.M.N. Sisters of St. Mary of Namur
S.S.M.O. Sisters of St. Mary of Oregon
S.S.N.D. School Sisters of Notre Dame
S.S.P. Society of St. Paul, Pauline Fathers and Brothers
S.Sp.S. Holy Spirit Missionary Sisters
S.S.P.V. Society of St. Pius V
S.S.P.X. Society of St. Pius X
S.S.S. Congregation of the Blessed Sacrament (Sacramentines)
S.S.S.F. School Sisters of St. Francis
S.Ss.T. Society of the Most Holy Trinity (Trinitarians)
S.S.V.M. Servants of the Lord and the Virgin of Matara (Servidoras del Señor y de la Virgen de Matará)
S.T. Missionary Servants of Most Holy Trinity
S.T.B. Sacrae Theologiae Baccalaureus ("Bachelor of Sacred Theology")
S.T.D. Sacred Theologiae Doctor ("Doctor of Sacred Theology")
S.T.L. Sacrae Theologiae Licentiatus ("Licentiate of Sacred Theology")
S.U. Sisters of St. Ursula
S.V. Sisters of Life (Sorores Vitae)
S.V.D. Society of the Divine Word (Verbites)
S.X. Xaverian Missionary Fathers (Xavierians)


T.O.R. Third Order Regular of St. Francis
T.O.S.F. Tertiary of Third Order of St. Francis


V.E. Institute of the Incarnate Word (Instituto del Verbo Encarnado). Also abbreviated as "I.V.E."
V.S.C. Vincentian Sisters of Charity


W.F. Missionaries of Our Lady of Africa of Algeria, or Missionaries of Africa (White Fathers or Pères Blancs)

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